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The Different Types of Network Security Testing

What are the different types of Network Security Testing? There are four main types: Reconnaissance, Scanning, Reporting, and Grey Box. Let’s explore each of them in detail to understand their benefits and limitations. This article will discuss the main types of Network Security Testing and how they differ from one another. To understand the differences, consider the difference between them and what you should look for in your testing. We’ll also discuss what they mean for your organization and how they can help protect you.

Reconnaissance

Recon is not a breach. However, it can be the first step in an attack. By providing maximum security, you can prevent reconnaissance from taking place. Additionally, you make it difficult for recon to learn about your systems. Here are some ways to prevent recon from taking place:

Reconnaissance is a vital step in stealing confidential information. The process is also critical for penetration testing. Proper recon provides detailed information to attackers and opens up new doors. An attacker can interact with running services and potential open ports without having to actively engage with the network. Using recon effectively provides crucial information to attackers and provides them access to networks beyond the internet. Reconnaissance is essential to penetration testing, as it provides the attacker with valuable information on an organization’s network.

Scanning

To perform network security testing, vulnerability scanning is essential. This process checks all devices within the scope of engagement for vulnerabilities and then generates a report to identify potential weaknesses. Vulnerability scanning software provides the information needed to make improvements in security posture. It is important to use the correct vulnerability scanning software for the specific type of network security testing you’re performing. For more information, check out our tips and guides on how to run an effective vulnerability scan.

Internal scanning is important to protect the network from known vulnerabilities and provide insight into patch management. These scans use a host-based agent, which lives on the device itself, to detect and flag non-conforming devices. The host-based agent detects changes in the system registry and can close vulnerabilities by blocking malicious action. Host-based agents can also monitor system activity, flagging repeated failed login attempts and detecting backdoor installations.

Reporting

In addition to providing a summary of findings, a report should contain recommendations for remediation of vulnerabilities found during the testing process. Depending on the severity of the issue, the report should be grouped by the types of vulnerabilities that were identified. A logical separation between sections will improve readability. For re-tests, the report should contain a summary of previous findings, the updated status of previously identified vulnerabilities, and cross-references with the current test. Reports should also be easy to understand and include a table with all information, including reference IDs.

Most reports use a rating scale to measure risk, without explaining exactly how high a threat is. The IT department of the client organization needs to make an impactful decision, and approval from the people upstairs is necessary. A simple statement that something is dangerous is insufficient to convey the risk. For example, “Company X’s web application does not limit file types that users can upload.” Exploiting this vulnerability could allow an attacker to elevate their privileges and execute arbitrary code remotely.”

Grey Box

A network security pentest conducted using the grey box methodology is efficient and reproducible, but the approach doesn’t cover a detailed assessment. It is performed against production environments, so an ethical pentester needs some access or knowledge to exploit the target. For example, in the case of a website security assessment, the pentester might not have access to the server, but still, need to understand its workings. A grey box test is an excellent option for testing the security of large networks.

A gray box test mimics an actual user’s access to the network. The tester accesses sensitive applications using a list of user names and passwords. The tester is able to go beyond the authentication stage because the information given to the tester is limited. This gives him or her the ability to simulate attacks that would not otherwise be possible. This method is especially effective if the testing team cannot access the network in its normal state.

Blue Team

With the prevalence of cybercriminal activity, it’s important to understand the value of Blue Team Network Security Testing. With the right tools, a blue team can analyze and string packets in order to determine which systems are vulnerable and which are not. This information will allow the blue team to find the attacker’s IP address, traffic to and from the victim, and any commands he or she might have used against the compromised systems. In addition to network security testing, blue teams can help prevent future breaches.

A typical Blue Team Network Security Testing exercise involves coordinating a time for the red team to begin their assessment. They will then relay information to the blue team, such as the IP addresses of attackers, the methods used to deliver the attack, the privileges obtained, and the tools used. The blue team will also monitor the attack and the results and will be notified of any changes. If any of the assets are compromised, the blue team can then take action to fix the problems.

Keyword
Vulnerability Scanning. …
Security Scanning. …
Penetration Testing. …
Security Audit/ Review. …
Ethical Hacking. …
Risk Assessment. …
Posture Assessment. …
Authentication.
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